Do you want to enhance your instruction with technology?
Do you want to improve student engagement and achievement?
In the information based society the rate of change is very rapid. Often our perception about the world changes when we encounter new information, systems or experiences. Educators encounter different types of changes to meet the needs of students and society. Now the question educators, administers and policymakers is asking — how to deal with the change? To guide the change, Ellsworth (2000) presents a list of classical educational change models. Continue reading Educational Change Models
The term, Free and Open Source Software (FOSS), is a convergence of two movements, Free Software Foundation (FSF) and Open Source Initiative (OSI). Though these two movements are different ideologically, functionally both are the same. FSF stands for the moral and ethical side of software development, while OSI focuses on the economic and practical side.
The advocates of FOSS-based technology believe that India is going to witness another revolution called the gold revolution by automating industry, government, and affordable education through FOSS. In India, majority of secondary school curricula oriented toward proprietary products (e.g., Microsoft Office). FOSS-based education is still in its infancy. However, the Government of India and corporations are taking different steps to improve quality of education by adopting FOSS projects. Continue reading Landscape of FOSS in Indian Education
Educational Technology Standards could be used to evaluate teachers’ knowledge and ability to teach in an information society, as well as their behavior. The International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE), a premier non-profit organization, creates technology standards for teachers. In the United States and other developed countries ISTE standards are the benchmark for teacher training and professional development. So far, however, there has been little discussion about educational technology standards in Indian context.
The Stages of Concern Questionnaire (SoCQ) is a tool to determine where an individual is in the seven stages of concern. The 35 items and eight point Likert scale questionnaire is designed to assess the concerns of the individual/group during implementation of an innovation. The seven stages of concern are:
Stage 0 (Unconcerned)
Stage 1 (Informational)
Stage 2 (Personal)
Stage 3 (Management)
Stage 4 (Consequence)
Stage 5 (Collaboration)
Stage 6 (Refocusing)
By locating teachers’ intense stages of concern (peak stage concern) with an innovation, facilitators can develop need–specific professional development and training.
COMPUTE FiveItemRawScaleStage0=Q3 + Q12 + Q21 + Q23 + Q30.
COMPUTE FiveItemRawScaleStage1=Q6 + Q14 + Q15 + Q26 + Q35.
COMPUTE FiveItemRawScaleStage2=Q7 + Q13 + Q17 + Q28 + Q33.
COMPUTE FiveItemRawScaleStage3=Q4 + Q8 + Q16 + Q25 + Q34.
COMPUTE FiveItemRawScaleStage4=Q1 + Q11 + Q19 + Q24 + Q32.
COMPUTE FiveItemRawScaleStage5=Q5 + Q10 + Q18 + Q27 + Q29.
COMPUTE FiveItemRawScaleStage6=Q2 + Q9 + Q20 + Q22 + Q31.
Heermann, B. (1988). Teaching and learning with computers: a guide for college faculty and administrators (1st ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Newhouse, C. Paul. (2001). Applying the Concerns-based Adoption Model to Research on Computers in Classrooms. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 33(5).
Fuller, F. F. (1969). Concerns of teachers: A developmental conceptualization. American Educational Research Journal, 6(2), 207–226. doi:10.3102/00028312006002207
Hall, G. E., & Hord, S. M. (2011). Implementing change : patterns, principles, and potholes. Boston: Pearson Education.
Vaughan, W. (2002). Professional Development and the Adoption and Implementation of New Innovations: Do Teacher Concerns Matter? 6(5). IEJLL: International Electronic Journal for Leadership in Learning, 6(0). Retrieved from
From the literature on models of implementation, Hawes(1993) classify four stages of implementation process.
Hawes, F. E. (1993). Academic computing from a technological innovation perspective: Faculty concerns (Ph.D.). University of Massachusetts Amherst, United States — Massachusetts.